Main results of the Life Cycle Assessment of INGRID project by P&R Project

Description:  The study of life cycle assessment (LCA) is a methodology which allows to provide the assessment of the global environmental impacts throughout the life cycle of a product/service from “cradle to grave”, considering raw material, materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and/or maintenance and waste or recycling of the finished product. In the INGRID project, the role of the LCA study is to calculate the environmental impacts of the pilot plant and to calculate environmental and economic impacts associated with different scenarios system use.

The specific study will be integrated with the Input-Output (IOA) analysis for the detection and quantification of the flows within the process production and LCA analysis and the life cycle cost (LCC) analysis, in order to quantify both the impact environmental and the economic impact to define further development of the demonstrator plant.

The study will be performed using the model of thinkstep GABI v.6 and the relative database Ecoinvent v3.3. If necessary other data from scientific literature will be adopted. Furthermore, the functional unit (FU), which is a measure of the performance of the functional outputs of the product system, will be calculated. According to the PCR, the FU is 1 kWh of net energy produced/accumulated and distributed. The time span of the study goal is 20 years.

The LCA analysis will be carried out in 3 phases (summarized in the picture below):

  • Phase of the "Upstream". This phase encompasses environmental information "cradle to gate" in relation to the production and transport of energy carriers, auxiliary substances. The IOA analysis will applied, drawing up a matrix for defining and assessing the quality of data to be used to carry an LCA report out. 
  • Phase of the "Core". According to the PCR, the process flow also includes the end of the plant life (20 years, parametrically based on the process variables). This parameter will allow to evaluate and reduce processing time scenarios resulting from different assumptions. Data will be collected using collection sheets through personal contacts with project partners and visits on sites and surveys. 
  • Step of "Downstream". This phase encompasses processes post installation plant and the study of all subsequent processes to the phase of production with the relative scenario assumptions. Primary data will be used and, where not available, the Ecoinvent database will be used.

The results will be stated according to parameters listed in CPC 171 and 173 which are outlined in the following way:

  • GWP. 100 years (Global Warming potential) – Emission of greenhousegases in carbon dioxide equivalents; 
  • Acidification potentials - Emission of acidifying gases in sulphur dioxide (SO2) equivalents; 
  • Ozone Creating potential – emissions of gases that contribute to the creation of ground level ozone in C2H4 (Ethylene) equivalents; 
  • Eutrophication potential EP – emission of substances to water contributing to oxygen depletion in phosfate equivalents.

The results of the study will be useful for stakeholders and policy makers to validate INGRID project in order to support decisions for future projects development.

An introduction to Studio Tecnico BFP

Description:  Studio Tecnico BFP is an engineering company with multiple years of experience in both the energy sector for the production, transmission and supply of electrical energy, in particular from renewable sources (sun and wind) and also in the oil sector (roadside fuel service stations). The company's professional skills ensure the integrated management of all design and implementation processes carried out by specialized engineers working for the company. BFP electrical, civil, mechanical and environmental engineers capable of dealing with and solving all types of problems related to the development and the implementation of large and complex projects involving Italian and foreign companies.

The Engineering Services for Renewable Energy Sources are:

  • design and authorization of electricity production plants from renewable sources and network electrical systems (MV-HV);
  • provision of all technical services required for their implementation; 
  • administrative compliance checks, analysis and validation of final working designs for private companies; 
  • technical and administrative consulting for the authorization of electricity production; 
  • technical and administrative due diligence reports; 
  • environmental impact studies; 
  • preparation and follow up of requests for connection to the electrical grid and notice of commencement for new electrical workshops; 
  • operation and maintenance management.

BFP involvement to the INGRID projects was related to the preparation of the final design for authorisation purposes, the follow-up of authorisation processes, final working designs (electrical-civil) for construction purposes and engineering activities necessary for the development and the set-up of the INGRID Demonstrator plant.

"European experts will meet in Bari for the International final event of the Ingrid project, where the first results of the experimentation currently underway in Troia will be presented to the general public. The project investigated the potential of hydrogen-based technologies for the electricity balance."

To exploit as much as possible the energy provided by renewable sources, overcoming their limits, such as discontinuity and overproduction peaks. This is the aim of INGRID (, the European research project funded whithin the 7th Framework Programme that offers a technological solution able to store the energy surplus provided by renewable sources and re-enter it into the power grid when needed. To this purpose, a demonstrator plant was built in Troia (in Foggia province), an area characterized by a large number of wind and photovoltaic plants: in fact, energy coming from renewable sources cannot be used directly on-site or transported, due to both production peaks and the current insufficient transport capacity of the electricity grid.

The first results of the experimentation will be presented during the final international conference planned in Bari on March 28, 2017 at ARTI premises – Sala Agorà (Via Giulio Petroni, 15/F.1, 3rd floor). The event will give the chance to discuss about smart grids and the opportunities from energy storage to achieve a smarter electricity grid and a more efficient energy distribution system.

The invited speakers that will participate in the final event, together with the project partners, are: Loredana Capone, Minister of Economic Development, Puglia Region; Vito Albino, special commissioner of ARTI – Regional Agency for technology and Innovation; Domenico Laforgia, director of the Puglia Region Department for economic development, innovation, education, training and employment; Giuseppe Prettico, researcher of the Joint Research Center of the European Commission; Marcello Capra, delegate of the Italian Ministry for Economic Development to the SET Plan and Horizon Energy Programme; Leonardo Cavalieri, mayor of Troia.

In the early afternoon, a visit to the INGRID demo-site in Troia is envisaged in order to understand how the demonstrator works.

The participation in the event and the demo-site visit are free, but a previous registration at is mandatory.

INGRID Project
Energy storage is becoming a crucial issue to balance and integrate larger shares of renewable energy and improve the grid reliability and efficiency. Hydrogen storage represents a viable option to increase the carbon-neutral energy supply due to its high energy density and reversibility. The INGRID R&D European project aims at demonstrateing how and to what exent the most advanced ITCs for real time monitoring of smart distribution networks and the storage of solid hydrogen solutions,will enable the integration of renewable sources in the balance of energy supply and demand. The project is developed by a consortium composed by eight partners from four countries (Italy, France, Belgium and Spain): Engineering Ingegneria Informatica (Lead Partner); McPhy Energy; Hydrogenics; Tecnalia; RSE – Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico; E-Distribuzione; ARTI – Apulia Regional Agency for Technology and Innovation; Studio tecnico BFP. Within the INGRID project, 39MWh demonstrator pilot plant of solid hydrogen storage has been built in Troia, near Foggia The demonstrator consists of a 1.2MW water electrolyzer, a solid hydrogen storage system, a fuel cell and ICT systems for real time monitoring and control. Using solar and wind energy, hydrogen produced by electrolysis in gas form is absorbed by magnesium discs, which form stable compounds with hydrogen called magnesium hydride and enable it to be kept in solid form. Therefore, the hydrogen can be transported safely and made available to industrial users or be extracted from the magnesium discs and used as zero emission fuel to support electric mobility. Moreover, through the fuel cell, the hydrogen stored in magnesium discs can be also re-converted into electricity and re-directed into the grid when needed.

More info on

"A Bari esperti europei a confronto nell’evento internazionale di chiusura del progetto di ricerca europeo Ingrid, in cui saranno presentati al pubblico i risultati ottenuti dalla sperimentazione in corso a Troia. ARTI, l’Agenzia regionale per la tecnologia e l’innovazione è partner del progetto che ha indagato le potenzialità delle tecnologie basate sull’idrogeno nel bilanciamento dell’energia elettrica."

Sfruttare al massimo l’energia generata da fonti rinnovabili, superando i limiti che le caratterizzano, quali discontinuità e picchi di sovrapproduzione. È questo l’intento di INGRID (, il progetto europeo di ricerca finanziato nell’ambito del 7° Programma Quadro che offre una soluzione tecnologica che consente lo stoccaggio in forma di idrogeno allo stato solido, attraverso dei dischi di magnesio, del surplus di energia elettrica da fonti rinnovabili, che altrimenti andrebbe disperso. Per dimostrare la validità di questo sistema, è stato costruito un impianto sperimentale a Troia (FG), un’area caratterizzata dalla presenza di un numero elevatissimo di impianti eolici e fotovoltaici: infatti, a causa sia dei picchi di produzione, sia dell’attuale insufficiente capacità di trasporto delle reti elettriche, l’energia non può essere direttamente utilizzabile in loco né trasportabile.

Gli esiti della sperimentazione in corso saranno presentati martedì 28 marzo alle 9.00 presso la Sala Agorà di ARTI (via Giulio Petroni, 15/f.1 a Bari) durante la conferenza internazionale di chiusura del progetto, che ha visto la partecipazione di otto partner da quattro Paesi (Italia, Francia, Belgio e Spagna): Engineering Ingegneria Informatica (Lead Partner), ARTI Puglia, e-distribuzione, RSE – Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico e Studio Tecnico BFP per l’Italia; McPhy Energy per la Francia; Hydrogenics per il Belgio e Tecnalia per la Spagna.

L’evento sarà anche l’occasione per dar voce a prestigiosi esperti nazionali, chiamati a discutere delle opportunità offerte dai sistemi di accumulo di energia per rendere più smart la rete elettrica.

Oltre ai rappresentanti del partenariato di progetto, fra i numerosi ospiti attesi interverranno: Loredana Capone, assessore allo Sviluppo economico della Regione Puglia; Vito Albino, commissario straordinario di ARTI – Agenzia Regionale per la Tecnologia e l’Innovazione; Domenico Laforgia, direttore del Dipartimento dello Sviluppo economico, innovazione, educazione, formazione e lavoro della Regione Puglia; Giuseppe Prettico, ricercatore del Centro di ricerca comune della Commissione Europea; Marcello Capra, delegato del Ministero dello Sviluppo economico al SET Plan e al Programma Horizon Energia; Leonardo Cavalieri, sindaco di Troia (FG).

Nel primo pomeriggio, previa prenotazione, sarà possibile partecipare a una visita guidata al dimostratore per vedere dal vivo il funzionamento dell’impianto.

L’evento è organizzato da ARTI, in collaborazione con tutti i partner di progetto.

La partecipazione all’evento e alla visita al dimostratore di Troia sono gratuite, ma è necessario registrarsi scrivendo a

Il progetto INGRID
L’accumulo di energia sta diventando una questione cruciale per bilanciare e integrare grandi quote di energia rinnovabile intermittente e migliorare l’efficienza e l’affidabilità della rete elettrica. Lo stoccaggio di idrogeno rappresenta una strada percorribile per aumentare l’offerta di energia a emissioni zero grazie alla sua elevata densità e reversibilità.

Il progetto europeo di ricerca INGRID ha l’obiettivo di dimostrare come e in quale misura le più recenti tecnologie ICT per il monitoraggio in tempo reale delle reti di distribuzione intelligenti, unitamente alle potenzialità connesse allo stoccaggio di idrogeno allo stato puro, consentiranno l’integrazione delle rinnovabili nel bilanciamento della domanda e dell’offerta di energia.

A tal proposito è stato costruito a Troia (FG) un impianto pilota da 39MWh di INGRID costituito da un elettrolizzatore da 1.2MW, un sistema di accumulo dell’idrogeno solido, una cella a combustibile e sistemi ICT di monitoraggio e controllo in tempo reale. Sfruttando l’energia solare ed eolica, l’idrogeno prodotto dall’elettrolizzatore in forma gassosa viene assorbito da dischi di magnesio, che formano composti stabili con l’idrogeno chiamati idruri di magnesio e consentono di conservarlo in forma solida. In questo modo, l’idrogeno può essere trasportato in maniera sicura e messo a disposizione di utilizzatori industriali, oppure può essere estratto dai dischi di magnesio e utilizzato come combustibile a zero emissioni per la mobilità elettrica. Inoltre, grazie alla cella a combustibile, l’idrogeno accumulato può essere nuovamente convertito in energia elettrica e re-immesso nella rete quando le condizioni di carico lo consentono.

Ulteriori informazioni sul progetto sono disponibili sul sito ufficiale o sul sito di ARTI
Bari, 27 marzo 2017
Servizio Relazioni Esterne e Comunicazione ARTI 
Tel: +39 080 96.74.217-219 

"INGRID 5th newsletter in now online"

Description: The 5th and last INGRID project newsletter is now online. This newsletter introduces to the recent development and first results of the INGRID project, its consortium and some of the technologies used. 

Date: 21 March 2017
Download the INGRID newsletter here

INGRID Project Final International Conference in Bari (IT) on March 28, 2017

Description:  On Tuesday, March 28 the ARTI Puglia - Sala Agorà (Via Giulio Petroni, 15/F.1. (Italy, Puglia) will host the INGRID project final event. 

During the international conference, all the project partners and those who shared the INGRID experience will talk about results of the demostrator testings and the possible replicability of the INGRID model, in order to demonstrate what is the impact in terms of environmental and economic sustainability. Moreover, the event will also give the chance to discuss on smart grids and the opportunities from energy storage to achieve a smarter electricity grid and a more efficient energy distribution system.

Download the INGRID project international final event agenda

Target Audience:  Academia, institutions, professionals, industry, general public 
Period:  March 28, 2017 
Location:  Bari (Italy) 

INGRID - High-capacity hydrogen-based green-energy storage solutions for grid balancing
Work partially supported by European Community under the ENERGY programme of the 7th FP for RTD - project INGRID, contract 296012. The Author is solely responsible for the content of this paper. It does not represent the opinion of the European Community, and the European Community is not responsible for any use that might be made of data appearing therein.

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